Featured publications

Cover image: Hyperinflation in Venezuela
Case study

Hyperinflation in Venezuela

Authors: Lakshmi Iyer, Francisco Rodríguez

Keough School of Global Affairs, September 2021

Venezuela entered hyperinflation at the end of 2017, preceded by several years of large budget deficits and declining oil revenues. Despite many policy attempts to bring inflation under control, including currency redenomination, introduction of a new cryptocurrency, allowing de facto dollarization, and easing price...

Topics: Business & Economics, Policy

Cover image: Hyperinflation in Venezuela
Cover image: Building a Network for Successful Peace Negotiations in Afghanistan: Social Network Analysis of the Afghan Peace Process
Policy report

Building a Network for Successful Peace Negotiations in Afghanistan: Social Network Analysis of the Afghan Peace Process

Authors: Madhav Joshi , Sophia Henn

Peace Accords Matrix, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Keough School of Global Affairs, August 2021

The ongoing Afghan peace process, which officially started with the signing of the Doha Agreement between the United States and the Taliban in February 2020, involves a complex network of actors. This study leverages social network analysis (SNA) to draw insights from original data...

Topics: Peacebuilding

Cover image: Building a Network for Successful Peace Negotiations in Afghanistan: Social Network Analysis of the Afghan Peace Process
Cover image: Where Surgery is Difficult: Overcoming Barriers to Access in Chiapas, Mexico
Case study

Where Surgery is Difficult: Overcoming Barriers to Access in Chiapas, Mexico

Authors: Steve Reifenberg, Luke Maillie

Keough School of Global Affairs, May 2021

In rural Chiapas, Mexico, poor patients often struggle to accesss surgical care and other medical treatment, even though access is guaranteed by law under the Mexican constitution. This case examines an innovative approach developed by Compañeros en Salud to accompany patients from rural communities...

Topics: Health

Cover image: Where Surgery is Difficult: Overcoming Barriers to Access in Chiapas, Mexico
Cover image: The Role of Religious Engagement in Implementing the Global Fragility Act
Policy report

The Role of Religious Engagement in Implementing the Global Fragility Act

Authors: Gerard Powers, Ebrahim Moosa, R. Scott Appleby

Keough School of Global Affairs, September 2020

The bipartisan Global Fragility Act of 2019 mandates strategic coordination across the federal government to strengthen the capacity of the United States to prevent violence and increase stability in areas of the world most vulnerable to conflict. Key agencies must jointly establish a comprehensive...

Topics: Religion

Cover image: The Role of Religious Engagement in Implementing the Global Fragility Act
Cover image: Executive Summary, The Colombian Final Agreement in the Era of COVID-19: Institutional and Citizen Ownership is Key to Implementation
Policy report

Executive Summary, The Colombian Final Agreement in the Era of COVID-19: Institutional and Citizen Ownership is Key to Implementation

Author: Peace Accords Matrix Barometer Initiative

Peace Accords Matrix Barometer Initiative, part of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the Keough School of Global Affairs, May 2021

The Kroc Institute’s fifth comprehensive report, The Colombian Final Agreement in the Era of COVID-19: Institutional and Citizen Ownership is Key to Implementation, discusses the Final Accord’s status of implementation in the period between December 2019 and November 2020, based on the monitoring methodology designed...

Topics: Peacebuilding

Cover image: Executive Summary, The Colombian Final Agreement in the Era of COVID-19: Institutional and Citizen Ownership is Key to Implementation

Latest publications

Working paper

What Stymies Action on Climate Change? Religious Institutions, Marginalization, and Efficacy in Kenya?

Authors: Lauren Honig, Amy Erica Smith, Jaimie Bleck

Kellogg Institute, July 2020

Low-income countries of the Global South will be hardest hit as Earth’s climate changes, yet fear of climate change often fails to stimulate activism among their citizens. We foreground efficacy—a belief that one’s actions can create political change—as a critical link in transforming concern...

Topics: Religion, Sustainability

Policy report

Principles and Methodologies for Strategic Monitoring in Fragile States

Authors: Josefina Echavarría Alvarez, Madhav Joshi, Laurie Nathan, Ambassador (ret.) Susan D. Page, Paul Perrin, Tom Purekal, Jason Quinn, Rachel Sweet

Keough School of Global Affairs, June 2020

The Global Fragility Act of 2019 (GFA) is the first United States government-wide initiative to prevent and reduce violent conflict in fragile countries and regions. Authored and passed through Congress with strong bipartisan support, the GFA mandates an unprecedented interagency process to identify root...

Topics: Peacebuilding, Policy

Working paper

Effects of Us Foreign Assistance on Democracy Building, 1990–2014: An Update

Authors: Steven E Finkel, Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, Michael Neureiter, Chris A. Belasco

Kellogg Institute, June 2020

This paper updates our earlier work on the impact of US foreign assistance on democratic outcomes in recipient countries using newly available USAID Foreign Aid Explorer data covering the 2001–2014 period, as well as new outcome measures derived from Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) data....

Topics: Governance, Policy

Working paper

Why Do People Migrate Irregularly? Evidence from a Lab-in-the-Field Experiment in West Africa

Authors: Tijan L. Bah, Catia Batista

Kellogg Institute, June 2020

Irregular migration to Europe by sea, though risky, remains one of the most popular migration options for many sub-Saharan Africans. This study examines the determinants of irregular migration from West Africa to Europe. We implemented an incentivized lab-in-thefield experiment in rural Gambia, the country...

Topics: Business & Economics, Migration

Working paper

Beyond a Single Model: Explaining Differences in Inequality within Latin America

Author: Diego Sánchez-Ancochea

Kellogg Institute, May 2020

This paper studies the determinants of income inequality in Latin America over the long run, comparing them with explanations of why the whole region is unequal. I first show how land inequality can account for differences between Latin America and other parts of the...

Topics: Civil & Human Rights

Working paper

Recognition and Guarantees for the Protection and Participation of Ethnic Peoples in Peacebuilding: Special Report on the Monitoring of the Ethnic Perspective in the Implementation of the Colombian Final Peace Accord

Author: Barometer Initiative, Peace Accords Matrix at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies

Kroc Institute, May 2020

Colombia’s Final Peace Accord is one of the most complex and innovative comprehensive peace agreements in history. One explanation for its pioneering character is the inclusion of an Ethnic Chapter, which contains essential considerations on the historical, structural, and disproportionate victimization that ethnic peoples...

Topics: Peacebuilding

Policy brief

Preparing for Climate Change in the Midwest and Great Lakes Region: A Primer for Citizens and Community Leaders

Authors: Craig A. Hart, Alan Hamlet, Tom Purekal

Pulte Institute, April 2020

Climate change has been slow to enter the public dialogue in the Midwest, but this is changing as local residents are experiencing more volatile weather, extreme temperatures, floods, changing growing seasons, and fewer snow days. The past several decades have witnessed increasingly intense weather...

Topics: Sustainability

Policy brief

Addressing the Sex and Gender-Based Violence in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador Fueling the US Border Crisis: Impunity, and Violence Against Women and Girls

Authors: Cory Smith, Tom Hare

Pulte Institute, April 2020

Pervasive sexual violence against women and girls in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador (including rape, domestic and sexual servitude, sexual assault, forced disappearances, human trafficking, and even murder) perpetrated by gangs, narco-traffickers, human traffickers, and a machismo culture fueled by corruption and impunity has...

Topics: Gender, Peacebuilding


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