Policy brief

International Humanitarian Law: The Guiding Light for Designing and Implementing Peace Agreements

Authors: Isabel Güiza-Gómez, Jason Quinn, Josefina Echavarría Alvarez

Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Keough School of Global Affairs, January 2022

Responding to crimes committed during armed conflict often presents a challenge for negotiators and peacemakers. This brief outlines how International Humanitarian Law (IHL) can provide a framework during negotiations for peace and can later facilitate implementation of peace agreements. IHL is a set of...

Topics: Civil & Human Rights, Peacebuilding, Policy

Policy brief

Subsistence Rights and Nigeria’s Continuing Obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Authors: Diane Desierto, Fidelis Olokunboro

Pulte Institute for Global Development, Keough School of Global Affairs, November 2021

It is a continuing paradox in 2021 that Nigeria is a country of vast natural resources and energy reserves, Africa’s largest oil producer, and a powerful member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), yet poverty and inequality remain extremely rampant. Forty percent...

Topics: Business & Economics, Civil & Human Rights, Governance, Policy

Working paper

Violence in Post-Revolutionary Mexico

Author: Gema Kloppe-Santamaría

Kellogg Institute, May 2021

Despite the formal end of civil war and armed conflict, Mexico continued to experience significant levels of violence during the 1930s and 1940s. This period has traditionally been associated with the process of pacification, institutionalization, and centralization of power that enabled the consolidation of...

Topics: Civil & Human Rights

Working paper

Shoutings, Scoldings, Talkings, and Whispers: Mothers’ Reponses to Armed Actors and Militarization in Two Caracas Barrios

Authors: Verónica Zubillaga, Rebecca Hanson

Kellogg Institute, December 2020

How do mothers deal with chronic violence and the constant presence of guns in their neighborhoods? How do they relate to the armed actors who inhabit their neighborhoods? How do they build situated meaning and discursive practices out of their experiences and relationships with...

Topics: Civil & Human Rights, Gender

Working paper

Beyond a Single Model: Explaining Differences in Inequality within Latin America

Author: Diego Sánchez-Ancochea

Kellogg Institute, May 2020

This paper studies the determinants of income inequality in Latin America over the long run, comparing them with explanations of why the whole region is unequal. I first show how land inequality can account for differences between Latin America and other parts of the...

Topics: Civil & Human Rights