Case study

What’s in Your Cup? Oxfam America Takes on Starbucks

Authors: Nick Galasso, Barbara Durr, Benjamin Topa

Keough School of Global Affairs, March 2022

Some of the world’s best coffee is grown in Ethiopia, where the livelihoods of 1.5 million small farmers depend on selling their superior beans at a fair price. But in the late 1990s and early 2000s, prices in the global coffee market plummeted. To...

Topics: Business & Economics, Policy

Policy brief

Do Not Transform Food Systems on the Backs of the Rural Poor

Authors: Benjamin Davis, Leslie Lipper, Paul Winters

Keough School of Global Affairs, February 2022

Much current thinking on food system transformation focuses on the global level and often prioritizes the planet over the poor. Transformative approaches that seek to achieve better nutritional and environmental outcomes without consideration of how proposed changes affect the potential for inclusive growth could...

Topics: Policy, Sustainability

Policy brief

Amazonía Lee Long-Term Impact Evaluation: Influence of an Early Grade Reading Program on Regional Policy

Authors: Camila Fernández, Larissa Campuzano, Ivonne Padilla, Nancy Murray, Danice Guzmán

Pulte Institute for Global Development, Keough School of Global Affairs, February 2022

While there has been remarkable progress in achieving Sustainable Development Goal #4 of inclusive and equitable quality education, important deficits in learning and access to education remain for disadvantaged and marginalized populations in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) countries. Low- and middle-income countries...

Topics: Education, Policy

Case study

From Crisis Management to Feminist Leadership at Oxfam America

Authors: Sara Gaviser Leslie, Barbara Durr

Keough School of Global Affairs, February 2022

Oxfam, the international nongovernmental organization, was rocked by press revelations in 2018 of sexual misconduct in its 2011 Haiti humanitarian operations following the devasting earthquake there. The scandal, which occurred amid a crescendo of the #MeToo movement, challenged the new leader of Oxfam’s American...

Topics: Governance, Policy

Case study

Improving Surgical Care in Zambia: Building a National Plan

Authors: Steve Reifenberg, Luke Maillie, Molly Kuehn, Jens Henrik Munthe-Kaas, Matthew Weyenberg

Keough School of Global Affairs, February 2022

The case, Improving Surgical Care in Zambia: Building a National Plan, examines how the government of Zambia developed the first in the world National Surgical, Obstetric, and Anaesthesia Plan (NSOAP) from 2015-2017. The Zambian government incorporated recommendations from the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery...

Topics: Health, Policy

Policy brief

How to Evaluate People’s Perception of Peace Agreement Implementation

Author: Maria José Daza Bohorquez

Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Keough School of Global Affairs, January 2022

The Peace Agreement signed between the Government of Colombia and the Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP) in November 2016 has been recognized as one of the most comprehensive peace agreements signed following civil conflict. According to the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies,...

Topics: Culture & Society, Peacebuilding

Policy brief

Patterns of Armed Conflict Recurrence among Peace Agreement Signatories

Authors: Jason Quinn, Sally Sharif

Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Keough School of Global Affairs, January 2022

Armed conflict recurrence among signatories of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) is not nearly as common a phenomenon as many believe. Despite the oft-noted claim that most peace agreements fail, three out of four CPAs were successful at maintaining peace among the signatories. When...

Policy brief

The Limited Impact of Partial Peace Agreements: What Other Countries Can Learn from Colombia’s Historic Quest for Peace

Authors: Madhav Joshi, Ana Mercedes Sánchez-Ramírez

Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Keough School of Global Affairs, January 2022

As of December 2019, nineteen out of thirty-five countries with at least one active armed conflict had more than one active armed group. In the Western Hemisphere, Colombia has been the only country to experience more than one armed conflict for over half a...

Topics: Peacebuilding

Policy brief

How to Canton Ex-Combatants: Lessons from Peacebuilding with the FARC

Author: Sally Sharif

Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Keough School of Global Affairs, January 2022

Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) programs have become an essential part of peace processes, sometimes constituting an important piece of peace negotiations and peace agreements. They generally aim at disbanding rebel wartime structures for the purpose of peace. However, when dealing with rebel groups...

Topics: Peacebuilding, Policy

Policy brief

International Humanitarian Law: The Guiding Light for Designing and Implementing Peace Agreements

Authors: Isabel Güiza-Gómez, Jason Quinn, Josefina Echavarría Alvarez

Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Keough School of Global Affairs, January 2022

Responding to crimes committed during armed conflict often presents a challenge for negotiators and peacemakers. This brief outlines how International Humanitarian Law (IHL) can provide a framework during negotiations for peace and can later facilitate implementation of peace agreements. IHL is a set of...

Topics: Civil & Human Rights, Peacebuilding, Policy


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