Working paper

Operation Condor, The War on Drugs, and Counterinsurgency in the Golden Triangle (1977-1983)

Author: Adela Cedillo

Kellogg Institute, May 2021

In the late 1960s, the Mexican government launched a series of counternarcotics campaigns characterized by the militarization of drug production zones, particularly in the northwestern region—the so-called Golden Triangle, epicenter of both production and trafficking of marijuana and opium poppy since the 1930s. Operations...

Topics: Peacebuilding, Policy

Policy report

Assessing Implementation of the 2020 US-Taliban Peace Accord

Author: Madhav Joshi

Keough School of Global Affairs, March 2021

Assessing Implementation of the 2020 US-Taliban Peace Accord provides an overview of the current implementation status of the agreement negotiated between the Taliban and the United States signed on February 29, 2020. Using the Peace Accords Matrix (PAM)—a methodology for monitoring and assessing implementation of...

Topics: Governance, Peacebuilding

Policy report

A Policy Playbook on Nonproliferation Sanctions

Authors: Alistair Millar, George A. Lopez, David Cortright, Linda Gerber

Keough School of Global Affairs, December 2020

In a new policy report published by the Keough School of Global Affairs, peacebuilding policy experts summarize their recommendations for the incoming administration of President-Elect Joe Biden. From Crisis to Opportunity: A Policy Playbook on Nonproliferation Sanctions traces the negative consequences of Washington’s misuse of sanctions,...

Topics: Peacebuilding, Policy

Working paper

The Emergence of Democracy in Colombia

Author: Raúl Madrid

Kellogg Institute, December 2020

Although Colombia had many important democratic achievements in the 19th century, this paper argues that democracy first took root there at the outset of the 20th century. Several key developments enabled democratic practices and institutions to take hold. First, the savage Thousand Days War...

Topics: Peacebuilding

Policy report

Principles and Methodologies for Strategic Monitoring in Fragile States

Authors: Josefina Echavarría Alvarez, Madhav Joshi, Laurie Nathan, Ambassador (ret.) Susan D. Page, Paul Perrin, Tom Purekal, Jason Quinn, Rachel Sweet

Keough School of Global Affairs, June 2020

The Global Fragility Act of 2019 (GFA) is the first United States government-wide initiative to prevent and reduce violent conflict in fragile countries and regions. Authored and passed through Congress with strong bipartisan support, the GFA mandates an unprecedented interagency process to identify root...

Topics: Peacebuilding, Policy

Working paper

Recognition and Guarantees for the Protection and Participation of Ethnic Peoples in Peacebuilding: Special Report on the Monitoring of the Ethnic Perspective in the Implementation of the Colombian Final Peace Accord

Author: Barometer Initiative, Peace Accords Matrix at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies

Kroc Institute, May 2020

Colombia’s Final Peace Accord is one of the most complex and innovative comprehensive peace agreements in history. One explanation for its pioneering character is the inclusion of an Ethnic Chapter, which contains essential considerations on the historical, structural, and disproportionate victimization that ethnic peoples...

Topics: Peacebuilding

Policy brief

Addressing the Sex and Gender-Based Violence in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador Fueling the US Border Crisis: Impunity, and Violence Against Women and Girls

Authors: Cory Smith, Tom Hare

Pulte Institute, April 2020

Pervasive sexual violence against women and girls in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador (including rape, domestic and sexual servitude, sexual assault, forced disappearances, human trafficking, and even murder) perpetrated by gangs, narco-traffickers, human traffickers, and a machismo culture fueled by corruption and impunity has...

Topics: Gender, Peacebuilding

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